What is DVT?
Symptoms of DVTSwelling, usually in one leg Leg pain or tenderness Reddish or bluish skin discoloration Leg warm to touch
These symptoms of a blood clot may feel similar to a pulled muscle or a “Charlie horse.” In addition, the leg may be swollen, slightly discolored, and warm. Contact your doctor if you have these symptoms because you may need treatment right away.
If not diagnosed and treated in a timely and effective manner, pulmonary embolism (PE) can occur. A fragment of a blood clot breaks loose from the wall of the vein and migrates to the lungs, where it blocks a pulmonary artery or one of its branches. When that clot is large enough to completely block one or more vessels that supply the lungs with blood, it can result in sudden death. DVT and PE are collectively known as venous thromboembolism (VTE).
If DVT is not diagnosed and treated in a timely and effective manner, pulmonary embolism (PE) can develop.PE occurs when a fragment of a blood clot breaks loose from the wall of the vein and migrates to the lungs, where it blocks a pulmonary artery or one of its branches. When that clot is large enough to completely block one or more vessels that supply the lungs with blood, it can result in sudden death.
Signs and Symptoms of PESudden shortness of breath Chest pain-sharp, stabbing; may get worse with deep breath Rapid heart rate Unexplained cough, sometimes with bloody mucus
If pulmonary embolism can be diagnosed and appropriate therapy started, the mortality rate can be reduced from approximately 30% to 10%.
More DVT Facts
1. Gerotziafas GT, Samama MM. Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism medical patients. CurrOpin PulmMed. 2004; 10:356-365.2. American Public Health Association. Presented at: Public Health Leadership Conference on Deep-Vein Thrombosis: February 26, 2003: Washington, D.C. White Paper.3. National, Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. How Is Deep Vein Thrombosis Diagnosed? Available at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Dvt/DVT_Diagnosis.html (accessed September 15, 2009).4. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (June 2001). Deep Vein Thrombosis. Retrieved August 24, 2007, from the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Web site: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/fact/thr_report.cfm?Thread_ID=264.5. Heit et al. Am Soc Hematol. Presented a: 47th Annual Meeting and Exposition, American Society of Hematology; December 2005; Atlanta GA, Poster .6. Geerts WH, Pineo GF, Heit JA et al. Prevention of venous thromboembolism: The Seventh ACCP Conference on Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy. Chest.2004; 126(suppl): 338S-400S.7. Goldhaber SZ. Deep vein thrombosis: advancing awareness to protect patient lives. White paper. American Public Health Association; Public Health Leadership Conference: Washington, DC: February 26, 2003.8. Spencer FA, Lessard D, Emery C et.al. Venous Thromboembolism in the Outpatient Setting. Arch Intern Med/Vol (NO. 14), July 23, 2007.9. Murin et al. Thromb Haemost. Comparison of the Outcomes after Hospitalization for Deep Venous Thrombosis or Pulmonary Embolism. 2002; 88:407-14.10. Gerotziafas GT, Samama MM. Prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism medical patients. CurrOpin PulmMed. 2004; 10:356-365.11. The National Alliance for Thrombosis and Thrombophila. Postthrombotic Syndrome (Venous Stress Disorder): An Indepth Guide for patients and health care providers. Available at http://www.stoptheclot.org/natt_publications/post_thrombotic_syndrome.pdf (Accessed September 16, 2009).22. Hirsh J., Hoak J. “Management of deep-vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism A statement for healthcare professionals from the Council on Thrombosis” American Heart Association. 1996; 93:2212-2245